The re-establishment of the State of Israel in the modern world is the most significant event to have occurred to Judaism in, well… 2000 years! However, most people are completely unaware that 20 years before the rebirth of Israel there was another Jewish home established by the name of Birobidzhan. The region of Birobidzhan is in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast which was founded by Stalin under his nationalist philosophy in 1928. Stalin designated a large land-mass on the eastern border of Russia neighboring China to be the home for Yiddishkeit and subsequently encouraged many thousands of Jews to relocate therein. The region became a place for Jewish autonomy, Yiddish is the official language, and Jewish culture was the dominant expression (i.e. Jewish theater, Yiddish schools, streets are named after Yidden, and Jewish monuments fill the public spaces).